Key Terms in Ethics

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It is often conceived as a kind of inner perception. Sometimes it develops with age, sometimes maturity, sometimes with experience, in some with intellect. It teaches guides and motivates us. In this case, the virtue is the ability to judge between virtuous and vicious actions, not only in a general sense, but with regard to appropriate actions at a given time and place. Although prudence itself does not perform any actions, and is concerned solely with knowledge, all virtues are to be regulated by it.

Perseverance : Steady persistence in adhering to a cause of action, a belief or a purpose etc. Example: Medicine is a field which requires dedication and perseverance. It is the bureaucratic practice of hair splitting or foot dragging, blamed by its practitioners on the system that forces them to follow prescribed procedures to the letter. Red tape can also include filing and certification requirements, reporting, investigation, inspection and enforcement practices, and procedures. Probity : It is the adherence to the highest principles and ideals.

It is the quality of having strong moral principles, honesty and decency.

What is meant by the term ethics?

Probity in governance is an essential and vital requirement for an efficient and effective system of governance and for socio-economic development. An important requisite for ensuring probity in governance is absence of corruption. The other requirements are effective laws, rules and regulations governing every aspect of public life and, more important, an effective and fair implementation of those laws, etc. Indeed, a proper, fair and effective enforcement of law is a facet of discipline.

Esprit de corps : The common spirit of comradeship existing among the members of a group and inspiring enthusiasm, devotion, and strong regard for the honour of the group.

  • Key Terms in Ethics!
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For example, a military unit. Fidelity : It is defined as faithfulness to obligations, duties or observances; exact correspondence with fact or with a given quality, condition or event; accuracy in reporting detail; adherence to truth. A public servant is expected to be at all times a trustworthy person in the public services. An unfaithful public servant tarnishes the image of the entire system.

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Moral turpitude : Criminal law describes it as conduct contrary to community standards of justice, honesty or good morals. It involves gross violation of standards of moral conduct, vileness, such that an act involving moral turpitude was intentionally evil, making the act a crime. Moral objectivism : The position that certain acts are objectively right or wrong, independent of human opinion. Different versions of moral scepticism deny or doubt moral knowledge, justified moral belief, moral truth, moral facts or properties, and reasons to be moral.

Ex: Questioning the Rajya Dharma. Indriya nigraha : It means not letting our sense organs run astray.

IT is one of the most practical aspects of Sanatana philosophy. Stithaprajnata : It is the concept discussed in the saukhya yoga of the Gita. A sthithaprajna is one whose mind has become absolutely still, quietened and tranquil. One who accepts pleasure and pain with equanimity. Moral Universalism : it is the meta-ethical position that some system of ethics, or a universal ethic, applies universally.

That is, for all similarly situated individuals, regardless of culture, race, sex, religion, nationality, sexuality or any other distinguishing feature. It is opposed to moral nihilism and moral relativism. Moral Nihilism : It is the meta-ethical view that nothing is intrinsically moral or immoral.

For moral nihilists, morality is without universal or even relative truth in any sense.

Moral Absolutism : It is an ethical view that certain actions are absolutely right or wrong, regardless of other circumstances such as their consequences or intentions behind them. Moral Relativism : It may be any of several philosophical positions concerned with the differences in moral judgements across different people and culture. Meta-Ethics : It is a branch of ethics that seeks to understand the nature of ethical properties statements attitudes and judgements.

Normative Ethics : It is the study of ethical action.

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It investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking. Applied Ethics : It is the philosophical examination from a moral standpoint, of particular issues in private and public life that are matters of moral judgement. It attempts to use philosophical methods to identify the morally correct course of action in various fields of human life.

Neutral Bureaucracy : Here, bureaucratic officials function strictly according to the principles and ideals laid down in the constitution. Committed Bureaucracy : Here, bureaucrats, in addition to following the principles and ideals laid down in the constitution, also follow the policies and programs of the party in power. Ex: in China. Explanation: Ethics are a guide by which we live and relate to the society around us.

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We may view ethics differently, but the results of our behavior are the same. Ethics are accepted standards. Key Concept: Each profession has a code of conduct that defines the ethics of the organizing body. Key Concept: In addition to using ethical guidelines when you write, you have to fully anticipate the responses to and the results of your document because you are responsible for the consequences of your writing.

Key ethics ideas

Explanation: If you know your obligations but nevertheless write unethically, by failing to recognize the full implications or impact of what you have written, you may be responsible for unethical consequences. About the book. Instructor resources. Student resources. Book icons. Chapter learning aids. Chapter